journal6 ›› 1999, Vol. 0 ›› Issue (4): 85-97.
• 学术专论 •
Abstract: During the late Qing, with the deepening of the study of geography, particularly the dissemination of the modern Western geographical knowledge of the Far East, traditional concepts of Heaven and Earth began to change. Specifically, the idea of a round heaven and a square earth were replaced by the globe, and the conception of a heaven in motion and a static earth was replaced by the heliocentric theory of the universe. The notion that China was the center of the world was also replaced by the modern notion of the world. This process ended at about the time of the Reform Movement of 1898. With the introduction of new geographical concepts, the system of Chinese traditional values began to undergo fundamental change and the system of Chinese modern values was gradually established.
郭双林. 晚清地理学研究与传统天地观念的变异[J]. journal6, 1999, 0(4): 85-97.
GUO Shuang-Lin. Late Qing Studies of Geography and Changes in Traditional Concepts of Heaven and Earth[J]. journal6, 1999, 0(4): 85-97.